Type 2 diabetics should eat more protein at breakfast to reduce glucose spikes

Type 2 diabetics should eat more protein at breakfast to reduce glucose spikes at both breakfast and lunch, researchers at University of Missouri have found.

Here’s more evidence to eat a healthy breakfast: if you skip your breakfast, your glucose response for your next meals will be high, and your insulin regulation and blood-sugar levels will suffer. Just 25 to 30 grams of protein during breakfast will help regulate blood-sugar levels  and make a difference in how your body works.


“The first meal of the day is critical in maintaining glycemic control at later meals, so it really primes people for the rest of the day. Eating breakfast prompts cells to increase concentrations of insulin at the second meal, which is good because it shows that the body is acting appropriately by trying to regulate glucose levels. However, it is important for Type 2 diabetics to understand that different foods will affect them differently, and to really understand how they respond to meals, they need to consistently track their glucose. Trigger foods may change depending on how much physical activity people have gotten that day or how long they have waited between meals.”

– Jill Kaneley, professor and associate chair in the MU Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology.


Journal Reference:
  1. Y.-M. Park, T. D. Heden, Y. Liu, L. M. Nyhoff, J. P. Thyfault, H. J. Leidy, J. A. Kanaley. A High-Protein Breakfast Induces Greater Insulin and Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Peptide Responses to a Subsequent Lunch Meal in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Nutrition, 2014; 145 (3): 452 DOI: 10.3945/jn.114.202549